COUNCIL GROVE, Kan. - Numbers can help us understand the story of Council Grove and the Kanza.
In September 1860, the Council Grove Press summarized the federal census conducted earlier that summer, giving us a snapshot of Council Grove and Morris County at that time. Two years later a detailed census conducted on the reservation by officials of the Office of Indian Affairs provided a picture of the Kanza people.
In July 1860, 775 Euro Americans lived in Morris County. Of these 230 -- all white males either born in the United States or naturalized Europeans -- could vote. In the column labeled "colored persons" there were none. There were 443 males (57%) and 332 females.